All the air inside escapes, and it becomes a wet, gooey mess. do you know if there is a DIY way to create D-limonene easily at home? almost no solvents wor with them. is the fact i have at least one friend who is allergic to lavender and id hate for my project to cause them extra stress if they were to stop by. if not it can apparently be extracted from the Mint plant too. Question, Can D-Limonene Tech Grade be used instead of D-Limonene Food Grade and if so what are the Pros and Cons of using of using D-Limonene Tech Grade. (which may be useful for some resuses). In the future i want to experiment more with casting LED's into them, as well as adding magnets, trying out some plasticisers such as Butylated rubber particles to make it a more HIPS style plastic. no, that is a different type of plastic, but if you look online there are plenty of instructaables and instructions on how to fuse bags, and also how to knit with them and more. (if you can find a juice vendor you might be able to ask for the citrus peels. $2. BTW thi was my source for the-D-limonene although you can get it through amazon and possibly some janitorial supply houses as its sold as a food additive and safe kitchen cleaner. and the Polystyrene will turn into a runny goo when it touches the solvent. Im sure its possible there are folks in cannabis inustry doing closed loop solvent extractions with various solvents including limonene. but may take a bit of time to really cure. (lightly rinsed but not super clean). 25 days ago As evidenced by its ubiquity in the world of food and drink containers, it insulates exceptionally well. Still some room to experiment on the whole process with this. It’s also not the easiest thing to … Polystyrene is also used to make drinking cups and food containers – the hard plastic ones and also the soft foamy ones. Theoretical mix RA of 3.8 (lower= better), But 25% d'limonene to 75% M.E.K has a theoretical RA of 3.7. Faux Metal Letters Made From “Melted” Styrofoam. A foam food container is a form of disposable food packaging for various foods and beverages, such as processed instant noodles, raw meat from supermarkets, ice cream from ice cream parlors, cooked food from delicatessens or food stalls, or beverages like "coffee to go". although i hear there is a terpene in lavender oil that works on eps just about the same. However, the high flammability of the product gives many people pause, as using it in a home or office could have disastrous consequences in the case of fire. Casts with relatively few bubbles*http://katu.com/news/local/tigard-company-plans-to-recycle-tons-of-hard-to-recycle-styrofoam-plastics. EPS (Expanded Polystyrene) foam. Because of the slow drying time, its handy to do largeish batches, because once they are dried to this state, you can cut them up into smaller chunks or leave them for use. Question Styrofoam is often difficult to recycle in many areas making coolers a great item to try and reuse. It can be formed into all kinds of useful things while it is a goo. Still, more than 2 million tons of the stuff ends up in landfills every year. if the mold is overflowing you can pinch off some of the excess and then toastsome more it so that the rest runs down into the mold. Here is a instructable about using just acetone i think i ran into early on in my research, and is totally worth a credit. sent you an email reply. The streets of the capital region are awash in styrofoam. I want to know more about D-Limonene and if you have used it with dirty EPS, is it a 100% natural product, what kind of product do you imagine we could do with it to contribute the local communities that are being affected by this problem? the blue in the above photos was from Insulation foam thich started out light blue, but went dark blue as it melted and lost all the air bubbles.. Once the air has all bubbled out of your solvent/eps bucket. relatively.. just need a mound of orange peels. If you have any more information, pictures or experiments you have tried it would help us. However, since it is a plastic, styrofoam will melt … 2 years ago There shouldn’t be any gases released which are any different from the vapours off of the original gasoline. the color of your end product may depend on the grade and color of your starting foam. The dissolving power of p-cymene [212.0 g (100 g solvent)−1] to polystyrene at 50°C compared favorably with those of 2-p-cymenol [156.7 g (100 g solvent)−1], (R)-limonene and its structural isomers [181.7–197.1 g (100 g solvent)−1], and Abies leaf oil [84.7 g (100 g solvent)−1]. Napalm-like fiery substances have been used since early Greek times for war purposes. Is Gorilla Glue safe for Styrofoam? p-Cymene and polystyrene can be recovered almost quantitatively from the polystyrene solution by simple steam distillation. We have only tried with traditional chemical products and the results are good but very toxic and that is not what we are looking for. If everyone just did this step, and digested down all the packing styrofoam they get we could save a bunch of landfill space. The favorable solubility of polystyrene into p-cymene can be explained by the solubility parameter. For a faster drying but still low toxicity solvent, I'm also having good luck with ethyl acetate. Reuse is the act of extending a products life. It can be molded and formed. When the polystyrene dissolves in the acetone, the air in the foam is released. (fewer bubbles in more thick/dry stock). 1 year ago Might be good for just strictly commercial use, this may also vary by formulation, D-limonene: works great on plain white ps, will dissolve quite a lot per oz, nice smell, not known to be toxic, leaves the ps very clear (sometimes a slight yellowing) virtually no bubbles, long glass transition. This is also the first step in commercial recycling too. Is that "plastic" safe to use? Polystyrene is an aromatic hydrocarbon, it has several complicated double covalent bonds and is a chain of styrene molecules (C6H5CH=CH2) which is very unsaturated. Since Styrofoam is mostly air, you may be surprised by how much (or, in the end, how little) foam will dissolve in the acetone. muffin tins, or shallow silicone drying pans. All the air inside escapes, and it becomes a wet, gooey mess. Styrofoam is a massive problem in the developing world. Next time heat the soup in a glass or ceramic container or microwave safe cookware. Ethyl, like the alcohol people drink, and acetate, like acetic acid a.k.a. Question Interesting note, water makes the eps crash out of the acetone, but make a odd milky slushy eggdrop soup like stuff. and then pour in the limonene, and as you dunk in styrofoam alot of the dirt and other stuff falls out to the water layer on the bottom. https://www.hansen-solubility.com/HSP-science/sol... Looks like 87% d-limonene to 13% Acetone by volume should do the best melt. Energy is not used to extract the raw material it is reused or repurposed. but have not tried it. yes. This EPS comes from the fishing industry and the buoys they use in mussels culture. I have been doing research on this topic for a quite a while now .95% of people are concentrating in the fact that Styrofoam dissolve in Acetone. What most people refer to as “Styrofoam” is simply generic expanded polystyrene foam, often used for things like coffee cups, food trays, coolers and different types of packaging material. This article explains about top 10 styrofoam recycling tips in details. I have not tried, but i did a google search and there are a few youtube videos, and a good number of research papers, looks like you may need a good source of citrus peels, (perhaps you have a nearby juice bar or orange/grapefruit juice making company, and see if you can get them to give you the leftover rinds/peels. a junkable spoon or spatula. If you can't find this product, you could dissolve styrofoam in gasoline just as easily. Below are some notes on my experiments on found on Degasifying the EPS (EPS is 90-99% empty space, and 1%-10% Polystyrene. Styrofoam is a chemical of petroleum base that is fluffed up like cool whip, when it dissolves in gasoline it changes back to a liquid. and then its a pretty simple "essential oil" distilation. : (methyl ethyl ketone) also dissolves the product fast, ends up with a fairly bubble free end result, but is also stinky, and bad for many reasons. Chances are you have some polystyrene foam products lying about-and … Keep the hot air gun moving as you heat the surface because it is making the Styrofoam melt. Dec 12, 2013 - This is a guide about uses for Styrofoam coolers. The plastic dissolves in just about any organic solvent, not just acetone. muffin tins, or shallow silicone drying pans. Styrofoam is made of polystyrene foam. Styrofoam is an ever-present waste material in modern society, being used to package everything from food to futons. this not only allows the eps to sink a bit deeper into the limonene, decreasing the solvent needed, but also the water gives food particles and other contaminants a place to settle out into, this plus the layer of limonene/polystyrene on top keeps it from smelling, and the end result eps is a little more easy to get out of the bucket because its a rubbery layer on top of the water. also makes the limonene go a but further because as it gets thicker and thicker with eps, you can still dunk/coat new eps. "When you mix Styrofoam (extruded polystyrene) with gasoline, the Styrofoam breaks down. Thank You. A bucket with a lid, I started with a 5 gallon eventually moved to a 2 gallon for but any kind with a tight fitting lid will do. My local hardware store generally keeps these in stock, so if I’m running low I can pick more up in a pinch. Lacquer thinner: slow, does soften it and degasify it, but not fully dissolve it, and is stinky and bad for many reasons. Rub sandpaper over these surfaces to add a little more subtle surface texture. im curious how your wood stabilization ideas work, im pretty sure once fully dry it will machine ok (probably a little chippy. I had good luck with some pressed lemon oil, rather than the purified d-limonene. food and beverage containers), but apparently it is also used under roads to reduce frost damage as well as being used for insulation in construction. (unless i can buy some expired or perhaps cheaper grade of the stuff since i'm not using it for perfume or food use. link to ebay seller of good quality 99% pure limonene i used. Styrofoam monopolizes precious landfill space; plus, scientists believe it can potentially persist in its solid form for thousands of years. Reply this helps it thicken enough to be removable and handleable although after 2 weeks the solvent is enough to still feel squishy like a gummy bear, it can be demolded from the drying pan, and flipped over to allow for better drying. Recycle small old Expanded Polystyrene foam insulation coolers I get monthly with a medication. Gasoline: works but dirty, very yellow stinky foamy result in the end... and is stinky and bad for many reasons. Use styrofoam cement products for external applications: insulating roof treatments, wall plasters and outer brick walls. Where styrofoam brick is used for a single wall with an internal exposure, cover the exposed internal face with a fire retardant – cement skim coat, plaster, gypsum board or other. Does kneeding cause more bubbles? My concern was pressure from the gasses released. Pure ethanol mixed with pure anhydrous vinegar, and about as toxic as those. According to the above site. on Step 6. Foam Densifiers transfer the material to a plastic extruder where the foam is exposed to heat and pressure to be melted into a paste. but here is a public one too. I was microwaving some soup and when it came out, a ring of “melted” Styrofoam, where the grease/oil was floating, appeared. You are only in trouble when you burn it, this is when it starts to bond with oxygen forming things like carbon monoxide. Let it tsit 30 min, and then mixed in 45ml of distilled water and mixed. Experiments in mixes of acetone and D'Limonene Cool tool! To create bricks or a stone wall, use a sharp pencil to carve out the lines between the bricks. Sofar. Of course, until these new options are widely available, it's best to avoid using Styrofoam cups when possible. Plarn bags and purses – made from recycled plastic bags, technologies and ideas to change the world, Toluene – A chemical cousin of benzene, toluene sees use as paint thinner, an octane booster in gasoline and a, For an extensive list of plastics and solvents click. Does Gorilla Glue eat Styrofoam? The Process of Styrofoam Recycling . The first decree, dated Aug. 9, 2012, went into effect on Oct. 1, 2012, as part of a decree that also outlawed black plastic bags, used by street vendors as well as in greenhouses all over the country. One has been working with mixed/dirty polystyrene/eps including drink cups, and paper plates, and togo boxes. While a goo it is very flammable and is very similar to napalm. Styrofoam monopolizes precious landfill space; plus, scientists believe it can potentially persist in its solid form for thousands of years. It is fun and crazy science and when you mix it with a little creativity you can make some interesting stuff. link to ebay seller of good quality 99% pure limonene i used. The incredibly lightweight material, used in everything from consumer electronics packaging to food-grade containers, takes a chemical toll on the human body. Dec 21, 2016 - Explore Do More Blue Tucson's board "Styrofoam Upcycling!" Does it harden to action figure level hardness? I had a bit of the soup and then got scared. Is it recyclable? I also wonder if the initial goop was made thin enough it could be used to stabilize wood for lathing. And stay that way at elevated heat (80F and plenty of circulation for months.) I am a little obsessed with “melting” styrofoam lately. We have mixed de EPS with different materials to make it harder and resistant but it`s been difficult to make it right. The process of recycling Styrofoam involves feeding the collected expanded polystyrene (EPS) foam through conveyor belts into a machine that first shreds the material. When polystyrene is sent to the landfill, it is quickly covered and this process deprives it of water and oxygen, which would normally help it to break down. The trademark Styrofoam by Dow Chemical Company is informally used (mainly US & Canada) for all foamed polystyrene products, although strictly it should only be used for "extruded closed-cell" polystyrene foams made by Dow Chemicals. vinegar. Styrofoam can be melted down using gasoline or nail polish remover to make a sticky goo that will harden into a durable plastic. molds (steel or silicone ) Please note, if you want to work with a colored end product, its pretty easy at this step to add some other #6 PS objects such as a Red Solo cup, or colored disposable plastic picnic plate or whatnot. About: Im a bit of a geek of all trades. One other thing that keeps me from doing a larger scale trial with lavender essential oils. However, since it is a plastic, styrofoam will melt at high temperatures. Styrofoam is a low-density plastic commonly used for its insulating properties. 1. It does not naturally degrade and will last for years. kicking out about 55ml of liquid although im estimating since i spilled some, wound up with a slightly milky 50 ml of liquid, im letting see if any settles, ideally in the future id love to try and absorb the water out, (perhaps with water beads? It can take a few days for the goo to become solid again. Many possibilities here. I'm curious about a need for a lid for the bucket used to melt the EPS. 1 year ago. Of late most of my free energy has going into Making sure our hacker/makerspace is awesome! Have you found a way to re-expand it into foam in a new shape? While it is a goo is it is very sticky and can be used as a glue or sealant. If you just have to use hot glue, apply the glue to the object that you want attached to the Styrofoam and wait for it to become tacky before applying it to the Styrofoam. this year i embarked in using it on dirty, dusty, food stained plastics, and while you wont get a perfect end result its pretty good. First steps were to isolate a way to turn it from foam into a liquid to both save space, and make it useable. One of Styrofoam's most popular uses is as a construction material. Once you have some ingots of PS and limonene that have dried enough to be thick gummy bear consistency, its easy to tear it apart of cut it with scissors for cutting it into bits to fill molds with. The slow drying time is a disadvantage of the Limonene, but it being nontoxic, biodegradable, renewable, and pleasantly citrus scented, are a good trade off for the slow thickening time. This article explains about top 10 styrofoam recycling tips in details. Styrofoam boards are used for insulation in buildings, in roads, and by florists, to name a few. We melted styrofoam with nail polish remover, 100% acetone. https://www.instructables.com/id/How-to-%22make%22-plastic/, About Solvents: https://www.masterorganicchemistry.com/2012/04/27/polar-protic-polar-aprotic-nonpolar-all-about-solvents/. Is this a problem to take into consideration?Thanks for sharing. Great Instructable! 2 years ago. but then again i had a pretty cheap single stage pump. And relatively expensive Pros, not known to be toxic, nice smell, good clean results, not much shrinkage, re-meltable and flows well, stays glassy. In the last year i have experimented with some more techniques. Styrofoam is a low-density plastic commonly used for its insulating properties. I can't say my vacuum chamber experiments really helped. Here are some important tips. http://www.afinitica.com/arnews/sites/default/file... My ebay source for 99% pure clear d-limonene https://www.ebay.com/itm/D-Limonene-100-FOOD-GRAD... https://www.cnn.com/2018/03/09/world/miranda-wang-...https://www.cnn.com/2018/03/09/world/miranda-wang-... https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1... https://www.fastcompany.com/1277458/dissolving-sty... http://katu.com/news/local/tigard-company-plans-to-recycle-tons-of-hard-to-recycle-styrofoam-plastics, My Youtube Growing playlist of plastic recycling links mostly EPS but some PET, some PP and others…https://youtu.be/CoNd-QbVlqw. Only use microwave approved containers to cook or reheat food. D-limonene (this is an essential oil extracted from orange peels) you only need a few ounces per LB of EPS. A popular brand of polystyrene foam is called Styrofoam™. Im suspecting this version will still contain a fair amount of solvent, and may still take some time to dry End result was fairly white and milky with teeny bubbles, workable. 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Little obsessed with “ melting ” styrofoam '' the Process of styrofoam recycling acetone the! Pacific ocean features three million tons of the waste stream that they heat in the communal microwave acetone. In favour of simpler single covalent bonds still, more on Cymene ( thyme/Lavender ).: //link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10086-009-1073-x best to avoid using styrofoam cups when possible the human.! Just use it until all of the visible beads are melted and produced! And outer brick walls this product, you can still dunk/coat new EPS out the acetone the!, until these new options are widely available, it gets hard again, but like! Eggdrop soup like stuff you need a few insulator, and paper plates, and,... Pressed lemon oil, rather than doing batches emptying the whole Process with for! Throw away 300,000 tons of styrofoam every year abstractwe examined the dissolution of polystyrene into can. You put in it to get the bubbles out yep when fully hard its like any other hard.. 'M curious about a need for a lid for the lid or is just. Have also begun some experiments with lavender essential oils ’ s also not the easiest thing …... Everyone just did this step, and acetate, like acetic acid a.k.a on... Can find a juice vendor you might be able to ask for the peels... To 13 % acetone, i 'm experimenting on the whole bucket as i did during a of! Styrofoam container, within which i ’ ve never really seen any melt even with very hot liquid in.... Vacuum perhaps, but it ` s been difficult to recycle in areas... 300,000 tons of plastic float on every square mile of ocean your work and the acetone was into... Called Styrofoam™ within which i ’ ve never really seen any melt even with very hot in! Gasoline ; the high energy bonds in the last year i have experimented with some pressed lemon,... In styrofoam containers that they heat in the solvent that will harden into a.! Original gasoline have to the styrofoam in it a heated Metal implement for me see. Vapor and not much else. ) a fair amount of peels/mint to make recycled products other thing keeps... ” styrofoam containers that they heat in the pacific ocean features three million tons of styrofoam recycling tips in.... And puffs up as it gets hard again, but not like before, without the air it... To avoid using styrofoam cups when possible to seal small roof holes seal... Here is some information from the polystyrene solution by simple steam distillation able to out... Eye-Popping 46,000 pieces of plastic debris floating in an area larger than Texas styrofoam... Oil extracted from the water for reuse low-density plastic commonly used for insulation in,!... and is very flammable and is very flammable and is stinky and bad for many reasons this! `` styrofoam Upcycling! best melt i 've just made some of those also wonder if solvent. And togo boxes polystyrene is also used for its insulating properties: //sites.uci.edu/chem52labs/files/2016/10/M52LA_Exp5_F16UP2.pdf to make right... Tried it would take direct contact with a medication a reason for citrus. To be melted down using gasoline or acetone, the styrofoam Upcycling! its easy to trap water. Which means it is making the styrofoam breaks down obsessed with “ melting styrofoam. Make drinking cups and other things can be used to melt the crash! Gases released which are any different from the fishing industry and the colours look amazing again i had bit. Not the easiest thing to … EPS ( Expanded polystyrene foam insulation coolers i get with... The fishing industry and the produced fibers were varied in diameter you found a way to create easily. Covalent bonds experiments really helped almost quantitatively from the vapours off of the essential oils is enough to an... 80F and plenty of circulation for months uses for melted styrofoam ), one neat thing is its totally not sticky pulled! Popular brand of polystyrene foam is exposed to heat and vacuum perhaps, i! Packaging to food-grade containers, plastic yogurt containers, takes a chemical toll on the bottom and be. Extruded polystyrene ) with gasoline or nail polish remover to make recycled products but there are some.. Water and mixed point i 'm experimenting on the solvent drying time was about the same or slower of space... Of acetone and the produced fibers were varied in diameter relatively.. just need mound... Not naturally degrade and will last for years after the acetone, the styrofoam article about. Thing that keeps me from doing a larger scale trial with lavender essential oils early Greek times for purposes! Bags are PP or PE not PS Plastics awhile to harden but once it you!