"Governments and culture: How women made Kerala literate. Kozhikode District of Kerala has 117 villages.Total Grama Panchayaths in the Kerala district 78 as of July 2012. [7], There are legends dealing with the origins of Kerala geographically and culturally. In 1783, the British agreed to restore to the French their settlements in India, and Mahé, India was handed over to the French in 1785. The end of Second Chera dynasty in the 12th century marks the independence of the Venad. He was banished from the Earth to rule over one of the netherworld (Patala) planets called Sutala by Vamana. It proclaims that Parasurama, an Avatar of Mahavishnu, threw His battle axe into the sea. [1] From the Kodungallur line of the Cheras rose the Kulasekhara dynasty, which was established by Kulasekhara Varman. The state of Kerala was created in 1956 from the former state of Travancore-Cochin, the Malabar district and the Kasaragod taluk of South Canara District of Madras state. Ernakulam District was formed on – April 1, 1958 (Previous Year PSC Questions: Fireman 2017). According to him, Muziris could be reached in 40 days from the Red Sea ports of Egypt purely depending on the South west monsoon winds. The Madras Presidency was reorganised to form Madras State in 1947. Saint Thomas Christians claim to be the descendants of the converts of Saint Thomas the Apostle of Jesus Christ although no evidence that Thomas ever visited Kerala has been established. Historical records regarding the origin of the Samoothiri of Kozhikode is obscure. Historians are of the view that organized human life existed in these parts, at least ten centuries before Christ. [4], Perhaps the most famous festival of Kerala, Onam, is deeply rooted in Kerala traditions. The opposition called on Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru to seize control of the state government. During the early part of Kulasekhara period, the southern region from Nagercoil to Thiruvananthapuram was ruled by Ay kings, who lost their power in the 10th century and thus the region became a part of the Cheras. Ernakulam District is the first and most fully Literate district in Kerala. Venad - Kingdom of Quilon Largest district in Kerala – Palakkad. Alappuzha district was carved out of erstwhile Kottayam and Kollam districts on 17 August 1957. Then it was formed as the present Kerala State Co-operative Bank. In the early 50s, a society was formed in Mangalapuram area belonging to the present day Thiruvananthapuram district which is considered to be the first ever established milk society in Kerala. The district has no coastal areas and railway lines. 3. In the second half of the 12th century, two branches of the Ay Dynasty: Thrippappur and Chirava, merged into the Venad family and established the tradition of designating the ruler of Venad as Chirava Moopan and the heir-apparent as Thrippappur Moopan. Kasargod District. Kasargod was the last district to be created. [10] However, foreign cultural contacts have assisted this cultural formation. [52] Adi Shankara is believed to be the organiser of the Dashanami monastic order and the founder of the Shanmatatradition of worship. Karnataka and Tamil Nadu stepped up surveillance and formed guidelines following the outbreak of the viral infection in neighbouring Kerala, where around 1,700 ducks have died due to the flu. ^ "History of Ernakulam" . In the 8th century, Adi Shankara was born at Kalady in central Kerala. Ponani . [46] For the local administration, the empire was divided into provinces under the rule of Nair Chieftains known as Naduvazhis, with each province comprising a number of Desams under the control of chieftains, called as Desavazhis. Karnataka and Tamil Nadu stepped up surveillance and formed guidelines following the outbreak of the viral infection in neighbouring Kerala, where around 1,700 ducks have died due to the flu. [64][65] Ibn Battuta (1342–1347), who visited the city of Kozhikode six times, gives the earliest glimpses of life in the city. However, Portuguese attacks on Arab properties in his jurisdiction provoked the Samoothiri and finally led to conflict. The non-violent and largely peaceful Vaikom Satyagraha of 1924 was instrumental in securing entry to the public roads adjacent to the Vaikom temple for people belonging to untouchable castes. The beginning of the Kerala State Co-operative Bank Ltd dates back to early 20th century. [83], From 1967 to 1970, Kunnikkal Narayanan led a Naxalite movement in Kerala. Wayanad District - Formed: 1 November 1980 Headquarters: Kalpetta. Parts of Southern Travancore-Cochin on the other hand went to Madras state. Thrissur: The procedures to announce Thrissur as the first complete digital district in Kerala is progressing. [43] However, in the 14th century, Ravi Varma Kulashekhara (1299–1314) of the southern Venad kingdom was able to establish a short-lived supremacy over southern India. Wayanad is the only district in Kerala that shares boundary with two states- Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. kerala psc gk kerala psc online kerala psc kerala gk ... World Gk; Science; Home KERALA PSC GK District Formation In Kerala Dates District Formation In Kerala Dates shibin April 27, 2017. He travelled extensively across the Indian subcontinent founding institutions of the widely influential philosophy of Advaita Vedanta. On 1 July 1949, the two states were merged to form Travancore-Cochin. Uprisings of note include the rebellion by Pazhassi Raja, Velu Thampi Dalawa and the Punnapra-Vayalar revolt of 1946. Rise of Travancore There were harbours of Naura near Kannur, Tyndis near Koyilandy, and Bacare near Alappuzha which were also trading with Rome and Palakkad pass (churam) facilitated migration and trade. Kerala is a state on the southwestern Malabar Coast of India. When did sir Edmund barton get the title sir and how? Kollam also holds the unique position of having been the first airport in Kerala until the commissioning of the Trivandrum airport in 1932. The brothers, Manikkan and Vikraman were the most trusted generals in the army of the Cheras. Web. Politics in Kerala is characterised by continually shifting alliances, party mergers and splits, factionalism within the coalitions and within political parties, and numerous splinter groups.[85]. [68][69], The maritime spice trade monopoly in the Indian Ocean stayed with the Arabs during the High and Late Middle Ages. Coimbatore city of Tamil Naidu lies in the east of the District. British Period University of Kent, University of Porto, 2020), Bayly, Susan. "Back from Shingly: Revisiting the premodern history of Jews in Kerala. It was formed on November 1, 1980 merging parts of North Wayanad taluk of Kozhikode (Calicut) and south Wayanad taluk of Kannur District. Abdur Razzak (1442–43), Niccolò de' Conti (1445), Afanasy Nikitin (1468–74), Ludovico di Varthema (1503–1508), and Duarte Barbosa witnessed the city as one of the major trading centres in the Indian subcontinent where traders from different parts of the world could be seen. Ernakulam districtwas formed on 1 April 1958, carving out of parts of erstwhile Thrissur and Kotta… THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: A 620-km-long human chain from the northern part of Kerala to the south was formed on Sunday, Republic day, by the ruling CPI(M) led Left Democratic Front, demanding withdrawal of the Citizenship Amendment Act. Does whmis to controlled products that are being transported under the transportation of dangerous goodstdg regulations? Kozhikode District of Kerala has 117 villages.Total Grama Panchayaths in the Kerala district 78 as of July 2012. They are locally known as "muniyara", derived from muni (hermit or sage) and ara (dolmen). The district, Kasargod came into being in – 1984 (Previous Year PSC Questions: Fireman 2017, Process Server - Judicial 2018). Palakkad is a rural district of Kerala State of India. "The Kerala model in the time of COVID19: Rethinking state, society and democracy. [3] The Cheras transformed Kerala into an international trade centre by establishing trade relations across the Arabian Sea with all major Mediterranean and Red Sea ports as well those of the Far East. He is reputed to have founded four mathas ("monasteries"), which helped in the historical development, revival and spread of Advaita Vedanta. The number of districts later increased to 14. [43][44] Kerala witnessed a flourishing period of art, literature, trade and the Bhakti movement of Hinduism. [32] Jews arrived in Kerala as early as 573 BCE. It is the least populated district in Kerala. Legends such as The Origin of Kerala tell the establishment of a local ruling family at Nediyiruppu, near present-day Kondotty by two young brothers belonging to the Eradi clan. Their trade in Kozhikode prospered with the establishment of a factory and fort in his territory. Please provide some background on the Democratic Indira Congress and Mr. Karunakaran in Kerala. There are six Municipal Corporations in Kerala. [2] Kerala was alternatively called Kerala as well as Malabar. [45] The era witnessed also a shift in political power, evidenced by a gradual increase of Namboothiri Brahmin settlements, who established the caste hierarchy in Kerala by assigning different groups separate positions. [42], Much of history of the region from the 6th to the 8th century is obscure. Malappuram has a rich and glorifying history. Kerala confirmed Covid local spread in Thiruvananthapuram district. Their capital was at Kollam. 26 December 2011. [76] The remnants of St. Thomas Fort and Portuguese Cemetery still exist at Tangasseri. The first printing press in Kerala was established (CMS Press) here in 1821 by Rev.Benjamin Baily. At the time of formation, Kerala had only five districts: Malabar (part of the erstwhile Madras State), Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Kottayam and Thrissur (together constituting the erstwhile Travancore-Cochin). [56] When Ay power diminished, Venad became the southernmost principality of the Second Chera Kingdom[57] Invasion of Cholas into Venad caused the destruction of Kollam in 1096. It initiated pioneering land reforms, aiming to lowering of rural poverty in Kerala. Karnataka and Tamil Nadu stepped up surveillance and formed guidelines following the outbreak of the viral infection in neighbouring Kerala, where around 1,700 ducks have died due to the flu. It is the least populated district in Kerala. [57] The most powerful kingdom of Kerala during the colonial period, Travancore, was developed through the expansion of Venad by Mahahrajah Marthanda Varma, a member of the Thrippappur branch of the Ay Dynasty who ascended to the throne in the 18th century. Later, the unknown author of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea notes that "both Muziris and Nelcynda are now busy places". The Kulasekhara dynasty was finally subjugated in 1102 by the combined attack of the Pandyas and Cholas. [24], The region of Kerala was possibly engaged in trading activities from the 3rd millennium BCE with Sumerians and Babylonians. Wayanad has a powerful history. Maritime contacts Namboodiripad. It is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west. He is popularly known as Kerala Simham (Lion of Kerala). Please provide background or any detail on RSS attacks on Christians particularly in Chitoor, Kerala", https://doi.org/10.1080/14631369.2019.1601005, Kerala Modernity: Ideas, Spaces and Practices in Transition, Malabar on the Columbia University, New York website, About the Dutch colonial presence in Kerala, Nediyiruppu Swaroopam (Kingdom of Calicut), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Kerala&oldid=998617054, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Abraham, Renu Elizabeth. Portuguese period Until the end of the 11th century, it was a small principality in the Ay Kingdom. Wayanad District. [61][62] M.G.S. Kasargod is the last formed district in Kerala. ERNAKULAM Ernakulam District was formed on 1 April 1958, from the taluks of Aluva, Kunnathunadu, Kochi, Kanayannur, and Paravoor, which were formerly part of Thrissur District. [8], Archaeological studies have identified many Mesolithic, Neolithic and Megalithic sites in Kerala. Kasargod became part of Kannur district of Kerala at the time of formation of Kerala in November 1, 1956. On 1 November 1956, the state of Kerala was formed by the States Reorganisation Act merging the Malabar district, Travancore-Cochin (excluding four southern taluks, which were merged with Tamil Nadu), and the taluk of Kasargod, South Kanara. At the Cemetery ) is situated very close to the French as a result, the Malabar of... 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